science and technology

Science and Technology for World Development

Science and Technology in the Developing World refer to the integration of science and technology education in the developing world. A large number of scientists, engineers and technologists are emigrating to the developed world in search of better life opportunities. This process is being called ‘science transfer’. There has been a steady increase in the number of students studying science and technology at the college and university levels in the developing world over the last two decades. The high cost of college and university education in the developed world has made it even more difficult for families to afford this course.

The Costs of Science and Technology

The access to technology and advanced scientific research has created many problems in the developing world. For example AIDS, smallpox, cervical cancer and other diseases have become prevalent problems in countries where medical technology and research are not properly developed or in places where the infrastructure does not permit effective treatment of these conditions. Contaminated water and improper handling of contaminated materials have resulted in numerous health hazards. These problems will be reduced if a large-scale effort is made by governments and private organizations to develop these technologies and research.

Is science developed through technology?

Science is investigated but technology is created. In the words of Albert Einstein, ‚ÄúScientists investigate what already is; engineers create what has never existed. “Everything can be explained by science. We have not created science, it was there before us and before everything.

Technological change in developing countries

The large number of problems is a matter of concern. The reduction in living standards is threatening many lives. In India, a large number of farmers have been killed due to water-shortage. The inability of rural people to make use of technology to solve these problems is threatening their ability to continue living their lives as they have. The rapid growth of Chinese and Indian businesses in the developed countries has made these individuals financially independent of the nation they emigrated to. Without access to these markets, they face problems such as being unable to purchase necessary technologies, imported goods or the ability to compete with existing businesses in their own countries.

Which country leads in science and technology?

In early 2018, the US National Science Foundation released a report showing that, as early as 2016, China surpassed the US as the top producer of science and engineering articles tracked by Scopus. But in terms of high-quality natural science research results monitored by the Nature Index, the United States still reigns supreme.

Is science and technology important in nation building?

The importance of science and technology in a given society cannot be underestimated. It is a well known fact that no nation can develop without advancing in the areas of science and technology. Science is the study of knowledge that can be converted into a system and that depends on evaluative facts.

In some cases science and technology transfer has resulted in the development of new industries, which provide employment to millions of people worldwide. However, very few of these opportunities are directly available to people who have emigrated to these developed countries. Thus, the impact on these individuals and their families is negative. They are deprived of a higher standard of life, while their developed country of origin benefits from the creation of new companies and jobs.

How important is science and technology?

Technology, science and knowledge are important in modern contemporary society. Science and technology studies provide students with insight into how different knowledge processes are initiated and progressed, and how innovative technological processes are developed, employed, and increased in importance.

The constant need for energy, water, and food presents a tremendous challenge. As the Earth’s population increases, the environment will be in even greater trouble. Science and technology have been instrumental in reducing the problems, these problems create, but only if we continue to use it effectively. If we fail to do this, we will push the problems even deeper.

How is science related to technology?

Science is the study of the natural world by collecting data through a systematic process called the scientific method. And technology is where we apply science to create devices that can solve problems and perform tasks. Technology is literally the application of science.

Science and technology developments do not automatically produce long-term solutions to the problems it creates. Many times the problem goes away after a time, as it has done with many other previously unforeseen problems. However, humans have a hard time dealing with uncertainty. If the uncertainty becomes chronic, then scientists and inventors will have to spend ever increasing amounts of time to resolve the problems they have created.

What would the world be without science and technology?

Without science there is no human growth, there are no technological advances, there is no generation of knowledge and the world stagnates.Without science the world would stop.Science and technology developed countries can help each other develop. If developed countries cannot afford to fund research in developing countries, then at least their human resources can be changed to match those of the developing world. For example, when South African researchers wanted to create a drug that would treat AIDS, they had to adapt their approach to the drugs needed by developing countries. The result was the introduction of an inexpensive and easily obtainable drug that saved millions of lives.

We live in a society where people always want the latest and greatest things. We are attracted to the newest styles of toys and gadgets. We cannot deny the fact that technology is both wonderful and dangerous. We have seen tragic results when people choose to use science and technology in ways that simply do not exist. Now is the time to decide what we want to spend our money on – technology or nature?

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