As per a number of surveys conducted in the recent years, the global population is estimated to stick out over nine billion by the year 2050, and agricultural consumption is also anticipated to shoot up as much as seventy percent. To cater to the soaring demand, smart drones have also been commenced for smart farming aiding farmers in a plethora of tasks from proper inspection and planning to the planting of crops, and the subsequent surveillance of fields to determine health and growth.

How can IoT be used in agriculture?

Drones fortified with thermal, hyperspectral, or multispectral sensors are also able to categorize areas that call for changes in watering, spraying, and making the respective land more productive. These top-end sensors come with the very potential to estimate their foliage index, and define crop health through Artificial Intelligence, by gauging the crop’s heat signature, once the crops start growing.

At the same time, smart farming drones have also been quite effective in reducing its environmental footprint. For example, special UAVs (Unmanned aerial vehicle) are fortified with advanced hoses, with different types of technology such as lasers and ultrasonic echoing devices, which can assess distance with utmost precision.

How IoT can be used in the agriculture and business sector?

According to Allied Market Research, the global IoT in agriculture market is anticipated to showcase a noteworthy CAGR from 2018 to 2025. The market is mainly propelled by the growing adoption of robotic solutions in agriculture. Growing consumption and increasing need for better harvests of crops are heightening the demand for advanced robotics in agriculture. Simultaneously, precise farming is becoming more and more popular since about seventy-eighty percent of the new equipment procurements have been estimated to hold some types of precision farming equipment coupled with the soaring demand for smart green applications.

Agrobotix LLC for example, is a drone aided software firm that offers top-quality data and imaging analysis for accurate and sustainable agriculture, and is propping up over more than fifty-three crops choices, taking in sugarcane, grape, apple, corn, and so on for precision farming across fifty countries. AgEagle Aerial Systems, on the other hand, is developing new products with new machineries, such as advanced image acknowledgment, weather data, and specific analysis, to dole out better approval/commendation to the consumers utilizing the same.

Ways IoT Technology Reshaping The Agriculture Industry

Nowadays, driverless tractors have become a preferred choice among the farmers as these tractors can pilot automatically by means of GPS-based machineries, identify the limitations of a farm, and can be wrought remotely utilizing a tablet. A swift of smaller robotic trimmers could boost the farmers’ revenue by more than ten percent and can lessen farm labor expenses too.

Here, it’s worth mentioning that selection of species is a dull, monotonous course of hunting for explicit and definite genes that control the efficacy of nutrients use and monitor climate change. On the other hand, deep learning algorithms and Machine learning tend to consider huge amount of field data to assess crops performance in diverse climate options and on the basis of this data, one can actually build a prospect model that would envisage which genes will most likely account for a favorable trait to a plant.

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Rise in the incorporation of cattle face recognition solutions have also been beneficial for the industry. With the application of advanced metrics such as cattle facial identification programs, feeding patterns, and image cataloguing on board, dairy units are now being able to exclusively keep an eye on all behavioral facets in a fleet of cattle.

Simultaneously, surge in use of UAVs across agricultural fields has supplemented the market growth even more, since smart utilization of drones in the agricultural sector can be deployed in scanning crop fields with solid multispectral imaging equipment, GPS map formation through high-end cameras, heavy payload conveyance, and livestock nursing with camera-accoutered drones, which boosts the demand for unmanned aerial vehicles.


Researchers in the agricultural sphere are taking recourse to data science and top-end artificial intelligence solutions to make on-farm predictive analytics before turning over the insights that make a real difference in the farming land. Moreover, the rising subscription-based service miniature aims to mow down the expenses for farmers and dole out real-time alerts to them about the shapes and orders of crops. Furthermore, predictive replicas and accumulation of daily tasks will give full control over their future yield.

There are organizations, for instance, Ag-Analytics happens to obtain insights from precision agriculture statistics to remit weather impacting concerns. The establishment utilizes implements like FarmScope, which syndicate miscellaneous data sources like farm equipment data, soil, and weather to produce an analysis of the recent state of an agricultural field and estimate for future harvest.

In the first quarter of 2020, a subsidiary of PTT Exploration, AI and Robotics Ventures branched out into agriculture business by evolving data analytics and artificial intelligence solutions for local farming. The organization has intended to team up with Thaicom for the project. These mounting investments by the prevailing vendors have also helped the Iot in agriculture flourish in more than one way.

Nevertheless, the budding artificial intelligence and other incipient technologies do call for high investments, effective farming equipment, and skilled & knowledgeable farmers, thus making them quite alarmed about utilizing farm analytics to evaluate precise field data.

Technology Use Cases for Smart Farming

For example, IBM Corporation, in May 2019, declared the global extension of the Watson Decision Platform for Agriculture, along with Artificial Intelligence technology personalized for new crops to nourish a growing populace across the USA. The organization has been providing advanced agriculture solutions that associate logical technology with details from The Weather Company, so as to facilitate the with top-end insights about reaping, garnering, planting, planning, and ploughing.

Also, over the last two decades or so, there has been a significant shift from conventional agricultural undertakings to ordered and systematized activities so as to perk up agricultural events through the application of top-end analytics and smart equipment.

A renowned multinational manufacturer of proprietary consumer foods namely General Mills, is all set to develop and push on advance reformative agriculture exercises on one million acres of grazing land across the USA by the year 2030.

Back in July 2019, the Federal Communications Commission decided to arrange a new task operation to advise the commission on how to make sure farmers do have the much-required connectivity they need to utilize throughout precision agriculture. This force is intended to collaborate with USDA to transpire policy commendations in order to countersign the prolonged formation of broadband internet solutions in agricultural land that is not fully served.

The top vendors in the industry have also started emphasizing on the R&D activities, strategic alliances, and other organic & inorganic growth tactics to bring in a viable edge throughout the forecast period. For instance, Ag-Analytics proclaimed the announcement of fully remote, on-demand UAV services to promote the crop growers by offering high-end machine learning solutions and profitable UAV flights. With the aid of this service, agriculturalists can easily put down a no-obligation order in less time when the fly-out ensues in three-five days. The development is done remotely, which does not really entail any physical contact.

A software & analytics company, Growers Holdings, Inc., on the other hand, took up a strategic alliance with SAS Foundation to aid the farmers with data-driven intuitions, making much improved agronomic verdicts across their entire agriculture network, in the first quarter of 2020. With this partnership on board, it will have the very opportunity to discourse the probable food crisis in the coming years.

Author’s Bio- Koyel Ghosh is a blogger with a strong passion and enjoys writing on miscellaneous domains, as she believes it lets her explore a wide variety of niches. She has an innate interest for creativity and enjoys experimenting with different writing styles. A writer who never stops imagining, she has been serving the corporate industry for the last four years.

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