Industry 4.0 is the result of the convergence of different technologies in the industrial world to achieve hyper automation and therefore a radical increase in productivity. Without a doubt, the Internet of Things (IoT) and edge computing will be key pieces in this revolution, but the necessary gear to put them all in common will be stable and powerful wireless connections.
Currently, cable does not provide the flexibility required by the industry of the future and Wi-Fi has proven to have significant limitations in terms of stability in industrial environments. In this context, private 5G emerges as a new wireless connectivity standard in the industry.
Private 5G: Virtual Gear of Industry 4.0
It is for this reason that countries with a strong industrial component in their GDP such as the United States, Germany, the United Kingdom and France have made profound regulatory changes that today allow companies to directly access frequencies to deploy 5G in their factories. In Germany, for example, since 2020 it is possible to access 100 MHz of bandwidth and there are already hundreds of large and medium-sized companies that have requested it. Among them all the big manufacturers like Bosch, Volkswagen and BMW.
What makes 5G the necessary gear for Industry 4.0
Mainly, 5G provides the industry with a more stable, powerful, secure and flexible wireless connection:
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5G networks are more stable
5G networks are more stable than Wi-Fi due to profound technological differences that allow a 5G network to automatically optimize the quality of service it delivers to each device. Wi-Fi will simply do its best to serve all devices equally. In addition, with 5G it will only be possible to use the assigned frequency band if the devices are previously authorized and have a valid SIM card. It is like paying a toll to enter a dedicated, ultra-fast highway where only a few enter. These differences allow for lower blind spots, lower data loss rates, and lower latency.
5G is more powerful and allows ultra- fast speed
5G is more powerful and allows ultra- fast speed, which is up to 100 times faster than 4G. This superior data transmission capacity is key to keeping thousands of IoT elements connected simultaneously and in real time, which are and will continue to be the protagonists of Industry 4.0.
5G secure connections
They are more secure connections. The 5G standard represents a significant improvement in terms of cybersecurity, since it is “secure-by-design”. This means that it has been designed to respond to future threats in a highly digitized world with millions of interactions per second. In addition, it offers the possibility of deploying it 100% inside the factory, preventing critical data from leaving and intruders from entering.
5G connections are more flexible
5G connections are more flexible as they allow the virtual segmentation of networks or in other words to partition this dedicated highway into multiple special lanes. This is known as “network slicing” and allows resources to be prioritized to guarantee the quality of service in those really critical applications in a dynamic way.
what is Private 5G
Private 5G is, in short, a necessary step for factories to really implement the Industry 4.0 paradigm in all its magnitude. Private 5G is already a reality and industrialized countries are taking bold steps to ensure their industry creates competitive advantage by leveraging 5G. Make it easier for more large and medium-sized companies to make this leap. Otherwise, there is a risk of losing competitiveness that will be difficult to reverse.
Factories can never afford to lose the connection with an autonomous robot due to the risk that it may imply for people, nor can they lose a second of operational continuity due to congestion in their IoT devices. Private 5G is a solution to many of these headaches that IT teams are experiencing today. The transition to private 5G is not easy to simplify management and significantly reduce the cost of private 5G to accelerate this change.
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